CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Asian J Neurosurg
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1775729
Research Article

Bifrontal–Parietal Ratio: A Novel Risk Factor for Cerebrospinal Fluid Overdrainage after Ventriculoperitoneal Shunting

1   Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
1   Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.


Objective This study aimed to examine potential risk factors associated with cerebrospinal fluid overdrainage after ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting.

Materials and Methods We retrospectively examined the medical records of hydrocephalus patients who underwent VP shunting at a single institution between January 2011 and December 2017 and had a minimum 3-year follow-up. Variables studied included age, gender, hydrocephalus etiology, symptoms, shunt valve, ventricular catheter entry point, and neurosurgical history, including history of external ventricular drainage. Radiographic variables included Evans index, bicaudate index, callosal angle, measurements of frontal lobe thickness, and bifrontal–parietal ratio.

Results Among the 182 study patients, 11 experienced overdrainage. Age, gender, etiology, symptoms, and surgical history did not significantly differ between patients who experienced overdrainage and those who did not. Evans index, bicaudate index, and callosal angle did not significantly differ between the groups. Measurements of frontal lobe thickness and bifrontal–-parietal ratio were significantly lower in the overdrainage group.

Conclusion Bifrontal–parietal ratio may be useful to predict overdrainage after VP shunt surgery.

Ethics Approval

This study was approved by the Human Research Ethics Committee, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Thailand.

Publication History

Article published online:
07 November 2023

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