CC BY 4.0 · European Journal of General Dentistry 2023; 12(02): 067-071
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1771381
Review Article

Veganism and Oral Health—An Overview through the Perspective

Visha Shailesh Pandya
1   Department of Public Health Dentistry, Vaidik Dental College & Research Centre, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, India
,
2   Department of Public Health Dentistry, Dr. D.Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3   Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, University of Aldent, Tirana, Albania
4   Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences, Morphological and Functional Images, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
5   Multidisciplinary Department of Medical-Surgical and Odontostomatological Specialties, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli,” Naples, Italy
,
2   Department of Public Health Dentistry, Dr. D.Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India
,
2   Department of Public Health Dentistry, Dr. D.Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India
,
Aida Meto
2   Department of Public Health Dentistry, Dr. D.Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3   Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, University of Aldent, Tirana, Albania
,
Agostino Di Certo
6   Azienda ospedaliera villa sofia-Cervello, Palermo, Italy
,
Diana Russo
5   Multidisciplinary Department of Medical-Surgical and Odontostomatological Specialties, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli,” Naples, Italy
,
Francesca Gorassini
4   Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences, Morphological and Functional Images, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
7   FiDent, Centro Medico Odontoiatrico, Reggio di Calabria, Italy
,
Maura Mancini
4   Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences, Morphological and Functional Images, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
,
Alessandra Mancini
8   Department of Ophthalmology, University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy
,
Cesare D'Amico
3   Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, University of Aldent, Tirana, Albania
4   Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences, Morphological and Functional Images, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

When meat and dairy products are no longer consumed, the practice of veganism, which forgoes the use of animal products, substantially impacts diet. The prevention and treatment of diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, neurodegeneration, hypertension, and vascular diseases are usually aided by vegan diets. Vegan diets are associated with improved cardiovascular health and better nutrition quality than omnivorous diets. Vegans and vegetarians have a lower risk of periodontal disease but may be more prone to tooth erosion and dental caries due to deficiencies in vitamin B12 and lower saliva pH. A vegetarian or vegan diet may increase the risk of developing tooth erosion, but an omnivorous diet may increase the risk of periodontal disease and dental caries. Further clinical research must be performed to produce more statistically significant results and to support future studies that contrast omnivore, vegetarian, and vegan diets and their effects on dental health status.

Data Statement

Data are available on request to the corresponding author.


Authors' Contributions

V.S.P. and S.K. helped in conceptualization. A.M. contributed to methodology. A.Ma. and D.R. helped in formal analysis. ADC contributed to investigation. MM provided resources. A.M. and G.F helped in data curation. V.M. was involved in writing—original draft preparation. V.S.P. and S.K. was involved in writing—review and editing V.M. and C.D.A helped in supervision. L.F. was involved in project administration. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.




Publication History

Article published online:
16 October 2023

© 2023. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, permitting unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction so long as the original work is properly cited. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

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