Homeopathy 2024; 113(02): 080-085
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1770725
Original Research Article

Randomised Controlled Trial on Prophylaxis of Mastitis–Metritis–Agalactia Syndrome in Swine using Caulophyllum Logoplex and Lachesis Logoplex

Kathrin Büttner
1   Unit for Biomathematics and Data Processing, Justus-Liebig-University, Gießen, Germany
Janna Oelkers
2   Institute of Animal Breeding and Husbandry, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany
Onno Burfeind
3   Chamber of Agriculture of Schleswig-Holstein, Blekendorf, Germany
Joachim Krieter
2   Institute of Animal Breeding and Husbandry, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany
Irena Czycholl
4   Department for Animal Welfare and Disease Control, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.


Background Mastitis–metritis–agalactia (MMA) syndrome occurs in the first days post-partum and causes piglet losses mainly due to malnutrition. One possibility for prophylaxis of MMA is via homeopathy. In this veterinary study, the effectiveness of a prophylactic administration of homeopathic remedies for the prevention of the occurrence of MMA in swine was evaluated.

Methods In a randomised and blinded study, 60 sows were examined. Sows were randomly distributed in two groups: the experimental group (CL/LL) received a prophylactic administration of the complex homeopathic remedies Caulophyllum Logoplex and Lachesis Logoplex, and the placebo group was administered a sodium chloride (NaCl) solution in the same injection scheme as the experimental group. Clinical signs of MMA, behavioural changes, as well as production parameters, were recorded beginning with the day of farrowing until 5 days post-partum.

Results The treatment group showed no significant effect on the occurrence of MMA in sows (CL/LL: 56.67% MMA positive sows; NaCl: 53.53% MMA positive sows). Treatment group had also no significant effect on health parameters (vaginal discharge, raised rectal temperature, shortage of milk) or behavioural parameters (impaired feeding behaviour and impaired general condition). For the production parameter average weight gain, statistically significant effects in the treatment group were detected.

Conclusions Prophylaxis with the homeopathic remedies Caulophyllum Logoplex and Lachesis Logoplex showed neither an improvement in MMA prevention nor an improvement in health parameters or behavioural traits in the present herd of sows.

Supplementary Material

Publication History

Received: 02 February 2023

Accepted: 26 April 2023

Article published online:
31 August 2023

© 2023. Faculty of Homeopathy. This article is published by Thieme.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany

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