Clin Colon Rectal Surg 2023; 36(05): 342-346
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1764238
Review Article

Women, Surgeons, and the Innovation Pipeline

Patricia Sylla
1   Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York
Nicole Uzor
2   Department of Surgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York
› Author Affiliations


The paucity of gender diversity in the biotech and medical/surgical technology fields remains a persistent challenge. Over the course of history, advancements have been made; however, women remain underrepresented in these sectors from the entry level to the leadership and corporate positions. Similarly, there is a notable lack of women-led startup teams obtaining funding from venture capitalists and fewer women-led teams submitting and securing patents. We will discuss current data surrounding the lack of gender diversity in these fields, explore parallels specifically between the lack of women in surgical specialties and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) pathways, and how this translates to the lack of women in the surgical and medical technology industry. We will also offer examples of the real-world ramifications of product development by teams not representative of the population. Lastly, we will offer recommendations and action items for companies, STEM educators, individuals, and allies that will continue to aid in improving gender diversity in the industry.

Publication History

Article published online:
08 March 2023

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