CC BY 4.0 · Chinese medicine and natural products 2023; 03(01): e1-e8
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1764130
Consensus and Guideline

Expert Consensus on the Interventional Treatment of Choledocholithiasis with Integrative Medicine

Bin Liu
1   Department of Interventional Medicine, The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Ji'nan, Shandong, China
Zhongmin Wang
2   Department of Interventional Radiology, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai, China
Jinhe Guo
3   Department of Interventional and Vascular Surgery, Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University, Nanjing, China
Honglei Wu
4   Department of Gastroenterology, The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Ji'nan, Shandong, China
Kai Zhang
5   Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The Third Hospital of Shandong Province, Ji'nan, Shandong, China
Tao Yu
6   Department of Gastroenterology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Ji'nan, Shandong, China
Zhengguang Du
7   Department of Gastroenterology, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
Wenxia Zhao
8   Department of Spleen, Stomach and Hepatobiliary Diseases, The First Hospital Affiliated to Henan University of Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou, China
Long Jin
9   Department of Interventional Radiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
Chongzhong Liu
10   Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Ji'nan, Shandong, China
Zan Fu
11   Department of General Surgery, Jiangsu Provincial People's Hospital, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
Jiangguang Sun
12   Department of Hepatobiliary Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ji'nan, Shandong, China
Kun Gao
13   Department of Interventional Medicine, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Beijing, China
Haibo Shao
14   Department of Interventional Therapy, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China
Duiping Feng
15   Department of Interventional Radiology, The First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China
Dongfeng Shen
16   Department of Interventional Vascular Surgery, Shanxi Provincial Hospital, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China
Hongling Jia
17   Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ji'nan, Shandong, China
Yuliang Li
1   Department of Interventional Medicine, The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Ji'nan, Shandong, China
› Author Affiliations
Funding This work was funded by the Program for Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine in Shandong Province of China (YXH2019ZXY007), Ji'nan Professionals Development Special Fund (20228118), Science and Technology Project of (Sinopec Group) Shengli Petroleum Administration Co., Ltd (GKY2001), and Science and Technology Project of Ji'nan Health Committee (2020-3-65).


Percutaneous transhepatic papillary balloon drainage (PTPBD) is a newly emerging interventional treatment modality for choledocholithiasis in China. Compared with other treatments, it has some advantages. Traditional Chinese medicine has been proven to have certain advantages in the treatment of choledocholithiasis, with reliable efficacy, few side effects, and a low recurrence rate. To standardize the clinical practice of choledocholithiasis, facilitate the application of PTPBD, and improve the diagnosis and treatment of integrative medicine, the Chinese College of Interventionalists organized multidisciplinary experts to discuss and formulate this consensus. This consensus aims to regulate the patient selection and technical process of PTPBD and the diagnosis and treatment scheme of integrative medicine.

CRediT Authorship Contribution Statement

B.L. was responsible for data curation and writing—original draft. Z.W. was responsible for data curation and formal analysis. J.G., H.W., C.L., and T.Y. were responsible for resources and formal analysis. K.Z. was responsible for methodology and project administration. Z.D. was responsible for supervision and validation. W.Z., L.J., Z.F., J.S., K.G., H.S., D.F., D.S., and H.J. were responsible for writing—review and editing. Y.L. was responsible for conceptualization, funding acquisition, and writing—review and editing.

Publication History

Received: 10 July 2022

Accepted: 23 September 2022

Article published online:
14 March 2023

© 2023. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, permitting unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction so long as the original work is properly cited. (

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