CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · J Lab Physicians 2023; 15(03): 425-430
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1761929
Original Article

Predictability of Hematological Parameters in the Diagnosis of Cesarean Scar Pregnancy

1   Division of Perinatology, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
Asli Altinordu Atci
1   Division of Perinatology, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
Fatih Akkus
1   Division of Perinatology, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
Arif Caner Erdogan
2   Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
Ali Acar
2   Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.


Introduction Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is an increasing clinical condition that causes serious maternal morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to evaluate if inflammation markers measured by hemogram can aid in the diagnosis of CSP.

Materials and Methods A total of 86 patients were included in the study. The cases were divided as CSP (n: 42) and normal pregnancy (NP) (n: 44). At the time of admission, peripheral blood neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, thrombocytes, systemic inflammatory index (SII) (neutrophil × platelet/lymphocyte), neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio, monocyte–lymphocyte ratio, and platelet–lymphocyte ratio were all measured. CSP and NP diagnoses were made by transabdominal or vaginal ultrasonography.

Results In the CSP group, mean age (p < 0.001), gravida (p < 0.001), parity (p < 0.001), number of surviving children (p < 0.001), number of abortions (p < 0.001), cesarean number (p < .001), dilatation and curettage count (p = 0.013), monocyte (M) value (p = 0.039) and monocyte/lymphocyte value (MLR) (p = 0.035) were significantly higher than the control group. The optimal M value cut-off value was found to be > 0.40, the sensitivity value was 78.57, and the specificity value was 50.00. AUC = 0.632 (SE = 0.061) for the MLR value. The optimal MLR cut-off value was found to be > 0.232, the sensitivity value was 61.90, and the specificity value was 63.64.

Conclusion Hemogram parameters, which are simple, inexpensive, and easily accessible, M and MLR are significantly higher in the diagnosis of CSP and can be used as an auxiliary parameter for ultrasonography.

Consent to Publish

The participant has consented to the submission of the case report to the journal.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individuals included in this study.

Ethical Approval

Research involving human subjects complied with all relevant national regulations, institutional policies and is in accordance with the tenets of the Helsinki Declaration (as revised in 2013).

Authors' Contributions

S.D.: study design, patient management, and manuscript writing/editing; F.A.: data analysis, patient management. A.A.A.: data analysis, patient management; A.C.E.: data collection. A.A.: contributed to and approved of the final version of the manuscript.

Publication History

Article published online:
13 March 2023

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