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Clinical Profile, Management, and Outcome of Visceral Artery Pseudoaneurysms: 5-Year Experience in a Tertiary Care HospitalFunding None.
Visceral artery pseudoaneurysms are potentially lethal lesions and tend to rupture in a high proportion of cases, thereby warranting an immediate and active intervention.
We present our experience of splanchnic visceral artery pseudoaneurysms in a university hospital over a 5-year time interval with emphasis on etiology, clinical presentation, management (endovascular/surgical), and final outcome.
This was a retrospective study in which we searched our image database for pseudoaneurysms of visceral arteries over a period of 5 years. The clinical and operative details were retrieved from the medical record section of our hospital. The lesions were analyzed for the vessel of origin, size, etiology, clinical features, mode of treatment, and outcome.
Twenty-seven patients with pseudoaneurysms were encountered. Pancreatitis (8) was the most common cause, followed by previous surgery (7) and trauma (6). Fifteen were managed by the interventional radiology (IR) team, 6 by surgery, and in 6 no intervention was done. Technical and clinical success was achieved in all patients in the IR group with few minor complications. Surgery and no intervention carry a high mortality in such a setting (66 and 50%, respectively).
Visceral pseudoaneurysms are potentially fatal lesions, commonly encountered after trauma, pancreatitis, surgeries, and interventional procedures. These lesions are easily salvageable by minimally invasive interventional techniques (endovascular embolotherapy), and surgeries carry a lot of morbidity and mortality in such cases and a prolonged hospital stay.
The manuscript has been read and approved by all the authors, the requirements for authorship have been met, and we believe that the manuscript represents honest work.
Article published online:
13 February 2023
© 2023. International College of Angiology. This article is published by Thieme.
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