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Antral Follicle Diameter Variance Within Each Ovary May Be A Predictor For Poor Response In Cases With Normal Ovarian Reserve
received 09 October 2017
first decision 21 December 2017
accepted 26 December 2017
31 January 2018 (online)
Objectives To determine the predictive value of antral follicle diameter variance within each ovary for ovarian response in cases with normal ovarian reserve tests.
Methods This is a prospective observational study. One hundred and thirty nine infertile women who underwent ART in IVF-ICSI unit of Zeynep Kamil women and children’s Health Training and research hospital between January 2017 to June 2017 were recruited. Blood samples were collected on day 2/day 3 for assessment of serum FSH and estradiol. Trans-vaginal sonography was done for antral follicle count. During antral follicle count, in order to determine antral follicle diameter variance, diameters of the largest and smallest follicles were recorded. Variance was calculated by subtracting the smallest diameter from the largest one. Following ovarian stimulation with antagonist protocol, poor response was determined in cases with total oocyte number≤3. Ovarian reserve tests and antral follicle diameter variance were utilized to predict cases with poor response in women with normal ovarian reserve.
Results Antral follicle diameter variance both in right (AUC=0.737, P<0.001) and left (AUC=0.651, P<0.05) ovaries significantly predicted poor ovarian response. Variance>3.5 mm was found to have 75% sensitivity to predict poor response. Basal serum FSH with estradiol levels and AFC failed to predict poor response (P>0.05). Other significant predictors for poor response were day 5 estradiol level and estradiol level at trigger day (P<0.05). In multivariate regression analysis, both AFC and antral follicle diameter variance in the right ovary were found to be significantly associated with clinical pregnancy, on the other hand peak estradiol concentration and antral follicle diameter variance in the right ovary were significantly associated with poor response.
Conclusion Antral follicle diameter variance may be utilized to predict poor ovarian response in cases with normal ovarian reserve.
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