Diabetologie und Stoffwechsel 2017; 12(06): 437-446
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-120034
DuS-Refresher
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Epidemiologie des Diabetes

Epidemiology of diabetes
Esther Jacobs
,
Wolfgang Rathmann
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
18 December 2017 (online)

Abstract

For Germany, estimates for diabetes prevalence, incidence, morbidity and mortality are based on different study types, e. g. regional population-based studies, surveys or health claims data, and various methods are used for the calculations. Thus, there are a number of different epidemiological estimates published. This is also true for the prevalence of people with undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes. In addition, evidence exists that the prevalence of diabetes varies between regions in Germany. In this context, new risk factors, such as regional deprivation and air pollution, are currently in the focus. This article gives a short overview on the current research status in diabetes epidemiology with regard to the situation in Germany. Trends in the development of diabetes, its complications and mortality are also discussed. Based on the current refugee situation, the article contains a short insight of available studies on this topic. The overview on the current evidence is supplemented by methodological aspects that should be taken into account when interpreting studies.

Epidemiologische Studien zur Prävalenz, Inzidenz und Mortalität des Diabetes mellitus unterscheiden sich erheblich hinsichtlich der angewendeten Methodik – auch innerhalb Deutschlands. Darüber hinaus ist das Verteilungsmuster des Diabetes in Deutschland regional unterschiedlich. In diesem Zusammenhang werden in diesem Artikel neue Risikofaktoren wie die regionale Deprivation und Luftschadstoffe diskutiert.