CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Endosc Int Open 2017; 05(09): E886-E892
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-114663
Original article
Eigentümer und Copyright ©Georg Thieme Verlag KG 2017

Development and validation of an algorithm to complete colonoscopy using standard endoscopes in patients with prior incomplete colonoscopy

Melinda C. Rogers1, Andrew Gawron2, David Grande1, Rajesh N. Keswani1
  • 1Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, United States
  • 2Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Ringgold Standard Institution, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
Further Information

Publication History

submitted 26 November 2016

accepted after revision 22 May 2017

Publication Date:
12 September 2017 (online)


Background and study aims Incomplete colonoscopy may occur as a result of colon angulation (adhesions or diverticulosis), endoscope looping, or both. Specialty endoscopes/devices have been shown to successfully complete prior incomplete colonoscopies, but may not be widely available. Radiographic or other image-based evaluations have been shown to be effective but may miss small or flat lesions, and colonoscopy is often still indicated if a large lesion is identified. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an algorithm to determine the optimum endoscope to ensure completion of the examination in patients with prior incomplete colonoscopy.

Patients and methods This was a prospective cohort study of 175 patients with prior incomplete colonoscopy who were referred to a single endoscopist at a single academic medical center over a 3-year period from 2012 through 2015. Colonoscopy outcomes from the initial 50 patients were used to develop an algorithm to determine the optimal standard endoscope and technique to achieve cecal intubation. The algorithm was validated on the subsequent 125 patients.

Results The overall repeat colonoscopy success rate using a standard endoscope was 94 %. The initial standard endoscope specified by the algorithm was used and completed the colonoscopy in 90 % of patients.

Conclusions This study identifies an effective strategy for completing colonoscopy in patients with prior incomplete examination, using widely available standard endoscopes and an algorithm based on patient characteristics and reasons for prior incomplete colonoscopy.