Planta Med 2017; 83(12/13): 994-1010
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-111898
Reviews
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Apple Pomace as Potential Source of Natural Active Compounds[*]

Katharina Waldbauer, Ruxandra McKinnon, Brigitte Kopp
  • Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Further Information

Publication History

received 12 February 2017
revised 15 May 2017

accepted 17 May 2017

Publication Date:
12 July 2017 (eFirst)

Abstract

Apple pomace is a waste product of the apple manufacturing industry that has been in the focus of life sciences as it represents a low-cost source of fruit-derived compounds. High fruit consumption is associated with beneficial health effects, and therefore, apple pomace and its constituents raise therapeutic interest. The present work reviews (i) the chemical constituents of apple pomace, (ii) optimized extraction methods of apple pomace compounds, and (iii) biological activities of apple pomace. Current evidence of apple pomace influence on digestion and metabolism, cholesterol and triglyceride homeostasis, diabetes, and sex hormones is summarized. Furthermore, studies regarding its antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, antibacterial and antiviral effects are presented. The review concludes that apple pomace is an underutilized waste product of the apple industry with the potential of being processed for its nutritional and pharmaceutical value.

* This study is dedicated to Professor Dr. Max Wichtl in recognition of his outstanding contribution to pharmacognosy research.