Aristolic Acid Derivatives from the Bark of Antidesma ghaesembilla [*]
received 06 February 2017
revised 20 April 2017
accepted 24 April 2017
12 May 2017 (eFirst)
Antidesma ghaesembilla is an important medicinal and food plant in many Asian countries. Ten substances could be isolated from the dichloromethane and methanol extract: sitostenone (3), daucosterol (4), chavibetol (5), asperphenamate (6), protocatechuic acid (7), vanillic acid-4-O-β-D-glucoside (8), 1-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-3-O-methyl-phloroglucinol (9), and aristolic acid II-8-O-β-D-glucoside (10), and two new aristolic acid derivatives, 10-amino-5,7-dimethoxy-aristolic acid II (= 6-amino-9,11-dimethoxyphenanthro[3,4-d]-1,3-dioxole-5-carboxylic acid; 1) and 5,7-dimethoxy-aristolochic acid II (= 9,11-dimethoxy-6-nitrophenantro[3,4-d]-1,3-dioxole-5-carboxylic acid; 2). Exposure to humans of some of these compounds is associated with a severe disease today known as aristolochic acid nephropathy. Therefore, the traditional usage of this plant has to be reconsidered carefully.
Key wordsAntidesma ghaesembilla - Phyllanthaceae - aristolic acid derivatives - aristolochic acid derivatives - NMR
* Dedicated to Professor Dr. Max Wichtl in recognition of his outstanding contribution to phytotherapy research.