Endoscopy 2017; 49(07): E177-E178
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-109425
E-Videos
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Transgastric retrograde endoscopic ultrasound sampling of a mediastinal mass in a patient with radiation-induced trismus

Matheus C. Franco
1  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
,
Andrew T. Strong
2  Department of Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
,
Prabhleen Chahal
1  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
,
Joseph Veniero
3  Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
,
Brian Burkey
4  Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
,
John J. Vargo
1  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
,
Amit Bhatt
1  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
30 May 2017 (online)

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guidance is a safe and effective technique for sampling mediastinal lesions [1] [2] [3]. We report a case where an EUS was done in retrograde fashion through a gastrostomy because of the patient’s limited degree of mouth opening due to trismus.

We present the case of a 42-year-old man with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) who had had a suboptimal response to chemoradiation and was therefore undergoing evaluation for surgery. A positron emission tomography (PET) scan showed a hypermetabolic mediastinal lesion. If this mediastinal lesion was a metastatic focus, the patient would not benefit from surgery and therefore sampling was required. An initial EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) failed as the echoendoscope could not be passed through the patient’s mouth because of his radiation-induced trismus. After multidisciplinary discussion, we proceeded with retrograde EUS-FNA of the mediastinal mass performed through the patient’s pre-existing gastrostomy ([Video 1]).

Video 1 Video demonstrating retrograde endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) through an existing gastrostomy for sampling of a mediastinal mass in a patient with radiation-induced trismus.


Quality:

The procedure was performed with the patient under general anesthesia. The existing gastrostomy tube was removed and, after serial dilation of the gastrostomy tract, was replaced with a 15-mm laparoscopic trocar. A standard gastroscope was passed through the trocar and two hemoclips were placed in the gastric cardia to aid identification of the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) during echoendoscope passage. A radial echoendoscope (GF-UE160-AL5; Olympus, Tokyo, Japan) was inserted through the trocar and advanced in retrograde fashion through the GEJ until the mediastinal mass was identified ([Fig. 1]). The radial echoendoscope was then exchanged for a linear echoendoscope (UC140P-AL5; Olympus) to perform the EUS-FNA ([Fig. 2]). Two passes with a 22G needle were diagnostic for carcinoma by on-site cytology. The linear echoendoscope and trocar were removed and a balloon-type gastrostomy tube was placed.

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 The mediastinal mass is shown: a by the radial echoendoscope first used to locate it; b on a computed tomography (CT) scan, which produces a similar image.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Tissue sampling from the mediastinal mass was obtained by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). a Schematic showing the linear echoendoscope inserted through the existing gastrostomy. b EUS image during tissue acquisition with a 22G needle.

Final pathology confirmed metastasis of the SCC. The patient was discharged on the same day without complications and was later started on palliative immunotherapy.

Retrograde EUS-FNA through a gastrostomy for mediastinal mass sampling seems to be safe and feasible, and offers a novel solution for patients in whom the antegrade route is not available.

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