CC BY 4.0 · European Journal of General Dentistry 2022; 11(03): 201-206
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1759755
Original Article

Quantification of Porphyromonas gingivalis Bacteria in Final Trimester of Pregnant Women According to Their Oral Health Status

Retno I. Roestamadji
1   Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
,
Udijanto Tedjosasongko
2   Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
,
Nuraini Indrastie
3   Magister of Dental Health Science, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
,
Indeswati Diyatri
1   Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
,
4   Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
,
Subijanto M. Sudarmo
5   Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
,
Budi Santoso
6   Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
,
7   Graduate School of Dentistry, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan
› Author Affiliations
Funding This research supported by Universitas Airlangga in the Schema Hibah Riset Mandat 2018 with number 886/UN3/2018.

Abstract

Objective Pregnant women are more at risk to suffer dental infection. Untreated dental infection during pregnancy can lead to more serious problems to mothers and their children, such as premature birth and low birth weight. This study aims to analyzed the relationship between oral hygiene status (OHI-S) and the expression of Porphyromonas gingivalis in third trimester pregnant women.

Materials and Methods This was an observational analytic study with a cross-sectional study design. Patients consisted of 37 final trimester pregnant women, divided into good OHI-S and fair OHI-S. The P. gingivalis expression was measured using real-time qPCR from the mucosal swab.

Results The P. gingivalis expression found no differences between good OHI-s and fair OHI-S (p = 0.557).

Conclusion Based on this study, although there was no significant difference in P. gingivalis expression in the final trimester based on their oral health status, oral health is considered important to be taken care of during pregnancy.



Publication History

Article published online:
04 January 2023

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