CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian J Radiol Imaging 2023; 33(01): 104-106
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1758197
Brief Report

Color Doppler Ultrasonography in the Third Trimester of Pregnancy Significantly Reclassifies Fetal Growth Restriction in the Samrakshan Program of IRIA in India

Rijo Mathew Choorakuttil
1   Department of Clinical Radiology, AMMA Center for Diagnosis and Preventive Medicine, Kochi, Kerala, India
Shilpa R Satarkar
2   Department of Clinical Radiology, Antarang Sonography and Colour Doppler Center, Satarkar Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India
Lalit K Sharma
3   Department of Clinical Radiology, Raj Sonography & X- Ray Clinic, Baiju Choraha, Nayapura, Guna, Madhya Pradesh, India
Anjali Gupta
4   Department of Clinical Radiology, Anjali Ultrasound and Colour Doppler Centre, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
Akanksha Baghel
5   Department of Clinical Radiology, Baghel Sonography Center. Harda, Madhya Pradesh, India
Praveen K Nirmalan
6   Department of Research, Chief Research Mentor, AMMA Education and Research Foundation, AMMA Healthcare Research Gurukul, Kochi, Kerala, India
› Author Affiliations


The failure of a fetus to achieve its optimal growth potential is classified as fetal growth restriction (FGR). Small fetuses are a major risk for adverse perinatal outcomes including perinatal mortality, perinatal brain injury, and fetal distress compared to fetuses with normal growth.[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] FGR is considered as a fetus with an estimated fetal weight (EFW) less than 10th percentile. However, FGR also shows Doppler signs of hemodynamic redistribution as a fetal adaptation response to undernutrition or hypoxia and histological and biochemical signs of placental disease.[1] Small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses, on the other hand, are defined as constitutionally small fetuses without evidence for fetal adaptation to abnormal fetal environment and have perinatal outcomes similar to fetuses with normal growth.[1] Samrakshan, a national program of Indian Radiological and Imaging Association (IRIA), integrated trimester-specific Doppler studies with routine antenatal ultrasound assessments.[6] We present the results pertaining to the prevalence of FGR and SGA identified through the Samrakshan program.

Publication History

Article published online:
07 December 2022

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