CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian J Radiol Imaging 2022; 32(04): 555-561
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1754364
Pictorial Essay

Imaging Artifacts on Synthesized Mammogram: What a Radiologist should Know!

Shrea Gulati
1   Department of Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India
2   Department of Radiodiagnosis, Dr. B. R. A. Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India
Roshni Anand
1   Department of Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India
› Author Affiliations


Synthesized mammogram is a new technique that involves reconstruction of a two-dimensional (2D) image from the tomosynthesis images rather than separate acquisition of a standard 2D mammogram. The advent of a synthesized mammogram (s2D) has helped in reducing radiation exposure. The technique of back projection used in reconstruction makes the appearance of these images different from a standard 2D mammogram. Because this is a relatively new technique, it is associated with a learning curve. Hence, it is important for the new radiologists and technicians to be aware of certain common artifacts encountered while using s2D images, which may hinder interpretation. In this pictorial review, we would like to highlight the common artifacts encountered while reading synthesized mammographic images.

Authors' Contributions

Shrea Gulati and Roshni Anand: writing the manuscript; Ekta Dhamija: concept design and critical editing of the manuscript.

Publication History

Article published online:
30 August 2022

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