CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian J Radiol Imaging 2022; 32(04): 540-554
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1754361
Review Article

Indian College of Radiology and Imaging Guidelines on Interventions in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

1   Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
,
1   Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
,
Sreedhara B. Chaluvashetty
1   Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
,
Shivanand Gamangatti
2   Department of Radiodiagnosis, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
,
3   Department of Interventional Radiology, ILBS, New Delhi, India
,
Razik Abdul
2   Department of Radiodiagnosis, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
,
VS Shyam
3   Department of Interventional Radiology, ILBS, New Delhi, India
,
Sanjay Saran Baijal
4   Department of Interventional Radiology, Medanta, Gurugram, Haryana, India
,
Chander Mohan
5   Department of Interventional Radiology, BLK Superspeciality Hospital, New Delhi, India
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies and a significant cause of cancer-related death. Treatment of HCC depends on the stage of the tumor. As many patients with HCC are not deemed fit for surgical resection or liver transplantation, locoregional therapies play an essential role in the management. Image-guided locoregional treatments include percutaneous ablative therapies and endovascular therapies. The choice of an individual or a combination of therapies is guided by the tumor and patient characteristics. As the outcomes of image-guided locoregional treatments depend on the ability to achieve necrosis of the entire tumor along with a safety margin around it, it is mandatory to follow standard guidelines. In this manuscript, we discuss in detail the various aspects of image-guided locoregional therapies to guide interventional radiologists involved in the care of patients with HCC.



Publication History

Article published online:
19 September 2022

© 2022. Indian Radiological Association. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

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