Semin intervent Radiol 2022; 39(03): 234-247
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1751295
Review Article

Percutaneous Chest Tube for Pleural Effusion and Pneumothorax

Ifechi Ukeh
1   Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
Adam Fang
1   Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
Sandhya Patel
2   Naval Medical Center, Aviation Medicine, San Diego, California
Kwaku Opoku
1   Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
Nariman Nezami
1   Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
› Author Affiliations


Chest tubes are placed in the pleural space to evacuate abnormal fluid or air accumulations. Various types and sizes of chest tubes are available. Imaging including ultrasound, computed tomography, and fluoroscopy should be used to guide chest tube placement. Understanding the anatomy of the pleural space, along with the etiology and classification of pleural space disease, can help optimize chest tube management. This article will review the indications, contraindications, techniques, and postprocedure follow-up of chest tube placement as well as discuss the management and prevention of complications.

Publication History

Article published online:
31 August 2022

© 2022. Thieme. All rights reserved.

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