Semin intervent Radiol 2022; 39(03): 218-225
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1751292
Review Article

Lung, Pleural, and Mediastinal Biopsies: From Preprocedural Assessment to Technique and Management of Complications

Natasha Larocque
1   Department of Radiology, Hamilton General Hospital, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Olga R. Brook
2   Department of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts
› Author Affiliations


Biopsies of the lung, pleura, and mediastinum play a crucial role in the workup of thoracic lesions. Percutaneous image-guided biopsy of thoracic lesions is a relatively safe and noninvasive way to obtain a pathologic diagnosis which is required to direct patient management. This article reviews how to safely perform image-guided biopsies of the lung, pleura, and mediastinum, from the preprocedural assessment to reviewing intraprocedural techniques, and how to avoid and manage complications.


The authors have no grants, disclosures, or any other conflicts of interests to declare.

Publication History

Article published online:
31 August 2022

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