Methods Inf Med 2022; 61(03/04): 068-083
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1751043
Original Article

Breast Cancer Subtypes Classification with Hybrid Machine Learning Model

Suvobrata Sarkar
1   Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Dr. B.C. Roy Engineering College, Durgapur, West Bengal, India
Kalyani Mali
2   Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Kalyani, Kalyani, West Bengal, India
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.


Background Breast cancer is the most prevailing heterogeneous disease among females characterized with distinct molecular subtypes and varied clinicopathological features. With the emergence of various artificial intelligence techniques especially machine learning, the breast cancer research has attained new heights in cancer detection and prognosis.

Objective Recent development in computer driven diagnostic system has enabled the clinicians to improve the accuracy in detecting various types of breast tumors. Our study is to develop a computer driven diagnostic system which will enable the clinicians to improve the accuracy in detecting various types of breast tumors.

Methods In this article, we proposed a breast cancer classification model based on the hybridization of machine learning approaches for classifying triple-negative breast cancer and non-triple negative breast cancer patients with clinicopathological features collected from multiple tertiary care hospitals/centers.

Results The results of genetic algorithm and support vector machine (GA-SVM) hybrid model was compared with classics feature selection SVM hybrid models like support vector machine-recursive feature elimination (SVM-RFE), LASSO-SVM, Grid-SVM, and linear SVM. The classification results obtained from GA-SVM hybrid model outperformed the other compared models when applied on two distinct hospital-based datasets of patients investigated with breast cancer in North West of African subcontinent. To validate the predictive model accuracy, 10-fold cross-validation method was applied on all models with the same multicentered datasets. The model performance was evaluated with well-known metrics like mean squared error, logarithmic loss, F1-score, area under the ROC curve, and the precision–recall curve.

Conclusion The hybrid machine learning model can be employed for breast cancer subtypes classification that could help the medical practitioners in better treatment planning and disease outcome.

Publication History

Received: 31 December 2021

Accepted: 11 May 2022

Article published online:
12 September 2022

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