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Chest HRCT Assessment of COVID-19 Patients in Vaccinated versus Nonvaccinated Patients: A Comparative Study in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has turned out to be the most devastating viral disease that the world has encountered for the past century. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared it a pandemic on March 11, 2020. The disease mainly spreads through respiratory droplets which makes social distancing a primary tool of prevention. Many variant strains have emerged up since the pandemic started and the Delta variant is responsible for recent surge of cases in second wave of COVID-19 in India. Mass vaccination is the most efficacious precautionary measure that can be applied to stop the transmission and generate herd immunity. Vaccination does not give 100% prevention from infection, but it halts the severity of infection. Vaccine is the boon amidst the mayhem. Our study highlights that those vaccinated (particularly two doses) had clinically mild symptoms and mild computed tomography severity score (CTSS) with a speedy recovery. Those unvaccinated had moderate to severe symptoms with moderate to severe CTSS (>8) often requiring hospital admission and having poor prognosis. Thus, vaccine helps reduce the health burden of the already strained health care system. Immunization visit can also be used as an opportunity to disseminate message to encourage behavior, to reduce transmission risk of COVID-19 virus, to identify the signs and symptoms of disease, and to provide guidance on what to do.
Keywordscomputed tomography severity score - COVID-19 - delta variant - herd immunity - high-resolution computed tomography - vaccine
Article published online:
19 September 2022
© 2022. Indian Radiological Association. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
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