CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Cardiac Critical Care TSS 2022; 06(01): 069-077
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750115
Review Article

Patient Prosthesis Mismatch

Rashmi Singh
1   Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
,
Poonam Malhotra Kapoor
1   Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
,
Mohit Prakash
1   Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Concept of patient prosthesis mismatch came into existence from 1978 onward when Rahimtoola first defined it as “mismatch can be considered to be present when the effective prosthetic valve area, after insertion into the patient, is less than that of a normal human valve.” Patient prosthesis mismatch produces higher than expected pressure gradient through normally functioning valve. Since insertion of first ball caged mechanical valve in descending aorta by Dr. Charles Hufnagel in 1952, prosthetic valve had undergone tremendous improvement in terms of valve design, hemodynamics, durability, and thrombogenicity. Despite these marked changes in valve design, prosthetic valves are still subjected to inherent complications.



Publication History

Article published online:
01 June 2022

© 2022. Official Publication of The Simulation Society (TSS), accredited by International Society of Cardiovascular Ultrasound (ISCU). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

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