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Role of Asleep Surgery for Supplementary Motor Area TumorsFunding None.
Background The supplementary motor area (SMA) is involved in planning of voluntary motor activities. Tumors in SMA usually present with seizures and, rarely, motor deficits. Postoperatively, these patients may develop SMA syndrome. Patients with SMA tumors usually undergo awake craniotomy along with neuromonitoring for maximal safe resection, and some of these patients tend to have residual tumor.
Objective To completely excise the SMA region tumors under general anesthesia without causing any permanent neurological deficits.
Methods We operated upon four patients with SMA region tumor under general anesthesia (GA) with direct electrocortical stimulation (DES). Motor-evoked potential was used to monitor corticospinal tracts through corkscrew or strip electrodes. Intraoperative MRI was done to assess the tumor excision.
Results All four patients had complete resection of tumor and, postoperatively, all four developed SMA syndrome. All of them recovered completely over a period of time.
Conclusion SMA tumors can be excised completely under GA with DES, thereby increasing progression-free survival.
K.K.G. and C.C. contributed in concepts, design, definition of intellectual content, literature search, clinical studies, data acquisition, data analysis, manuscript preparation, manuscript editing, and manuscript review. A.B. and B.J.R. contributed in concepts, design, definition of intellectual content, literature search, clinical studies, data acquisition, data analysis, manuscript preparation, manuscript editing, manuscript review, and as guarantors. N.M. provided definition of intellectual content; conducted literature search and clinical studies; and performed data analysis, manuscript editing, and manuscript review.
Article published online:
26 April 2022
© 2022. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, permitting unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction so long as the original work is properly cited. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
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