J Neurol Surg B Skull Base 2023; 84(01): 008-016
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1741017
Original Article

Volumetric Resection and Complications in Nonfunctioning Pituitary Adenoma by Fully Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Approach along 15 Years of Single-Center Experience

1   Department of Neurosurgery, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
Miguel Sáez Alegre
1   Department of Neurosurgery, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
Catalina Vivancos Sanchez
1   Department of Neurosurgery, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
Alvaro Zamarrón Pérez
1   Department of Neurosurgery, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
1   Department of Neurosurgery, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
› Author Affiliations


Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of complications and the extent of resection (EOR) of nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas by endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) in a 15-year learning curve.

Methods A total of 100 patients operated by the same surgical team were divided chronologically into two, three, and four groups, comparing differences in EOR measured by a semiautomatic software (Smartbrush, Brainlab), rate of immediate postoperative complications, and the visual and hormonal status at 6 months.

Results There were no significant differences over the years in rates of postoperative complications and in visual status at 6 months. A significant linear correlation between the EOR and the number of surgeries (rho = 0.259, p = 0.007) was found. The analysis was performed in three groups because of the remarkable differences among them; the EOR were: 87.2% (early group), 93.03% (intermediate group), and 95.1% (late group) (p = 0.019). Gross total resection was achieved in 30.3, 51.5, and 64%, respectively (p = 0.017); also, the rate of reoperation and the worsening of at least one new hormonal axis were worse in the early group. Consequently, the early group had a higher risk of incomplete resection compared with the late group (odds ratio: 4.2; 95% confidence interval: 1.5–11.7). The three groups were not different in demographic and volume tumor variables preoperatively.

Conclusions The first 33 interventions were associated with a lower EOR, a high volume of residual tumor, a high reoperation rate, and a higher rate of hormonal dysfunction. We did not find differences in terms of postoperative complications and the visual status at 6-month follow-up.

Publication History

Received: 30 December 2020

Accepted: 12 November 2021

Article published online:
29 December 2021

© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany

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