CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian J Cardiovasc Dis Women WINCARS 2021; 06(04): 261-266
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1740353
Review Article

Retrograde Percutaneous Intervention of Chronic Total Occlusion Step by Step

V. Suryaprakasa Rao
1   Department of Cardiology, Care Hospitals, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
› Author Affiliations


Retrograde approach for chronic total occlusion percutaneous intervention is the ultimate technique for success in cases of high Japan-CTO (JCTO) score, ostial locations, long calcific lesions with calcium, and in retry cases. There are various methods of collateral cross, reverse controlled antegrade and retrograde tracking, and externalization, which are practiced by various experts. Intravascular ultrasound-guided procedures will minimize complications and increase chances of stent optimization for better outcomes.

Publication History

Article published online:
15 February 2022

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