CC BY 4.0 · Eur J Dent 2022; 16(04): 781-786
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1739450
Original Article

Relationship of Malocclusions with Disorders of the Temporomandibular Joint in Children of CALI—Colombia

1   Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Maxillary Orthopedics, School of Dentistry, University of Valle, Cali, Colombia
1   Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Maxillary Orthopedics, School of Dentistry, University of Valle, Cali, Colombia
1   Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Maxillary Orthopedics, School of Dentistry, University of Valle, Cali, Colombia
2   Private Practice, Cali, Colombia
› Author Affiliations
Funding This research was funded by University of Valle, Cali, Colombia. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript.


Objective The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of malocclusion with the presence and severity of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) in children.

Materials and Methods A clinical examination was performed in 87 patients (from 4 to 14 years of age) who attended the dentistry clinics of Universidad del Valle.

Results The 77 patients studied had malocclusions; 55 patients had TMD and 67.3% were female. The most frequent symptom of TMD was articular unilateral noise with 33.8%, followed by pain in at least one masticatory muscle with 26%. TMJ pain was observed in 24.7% of the patients. There was a statistically significant relationship between the presence and severity of TMD with type of dentition and transverse malocclusion, respectively.

Conclusion The presence of TMD in children with malocclusion presented in a high frequency. TMD depends on the type of dentition and its severity is dependent on transverse malocclusion.

Publication History

Article published online:
11 January 2022

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