Journal of Pediatric Neurology 2022; 20(02): 125-128
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1736600
Case Report

A Rare Case of Acute Hemorrhagic Leukoencephalitis in a Neonate

Nishu Gupta
1   Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Haryana, India
,
1   Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Haryana, India
,
Hanish Singla
1   Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Haryana, India
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis (AHLE) is a fulminant demyelinating disease associated with severe inflammation of the white matter. In this article, we reported a case of previously healthy 27 days old baby admitted to the hospital with fever, excessive crying, seizures, and respiratory distress. A diagnosis of AHLE was made based on the clinical and radiological findings. The infant patient was managed in the neonatal intensive care unit; however, he died unfortunately on the 35th day of his life. Although this highly fatal disease is very rare in this age group, early diagnosis can help in reducing morbidity and mortality.



Publication History

Received: 12 June 2021

Accepted: 17 September 2021

Article published online:
29 October 2021

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