CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol 2021; 42(03): 282-283
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1735761
Images in Oncology

Rosette-Forming Glioneuronal Tumor: A Rare Posterior Fossa Tumor in an Old Adult

Jitin Goyal
1   Department of Radiology, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, Delhi, India
,
Ankush Jajodia
1   Department of Radiology, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, Delhi, India
,
Anila Sharma
2   Department of Histopathology, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, Delhi, India
,
Sunil Pasricha
2   Department of Histopathology, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, Delhi, India
,
Sunil Kumar Puri
1   Department of Radiology, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, Delhi, India
› Author Affiliations

Introduction

Rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor (RGNT) is an uncommon, slow growing low-grade (World Health Organization [WHO] grade I) glioneuronal type of primary brain tumor. It was included as a distinct glioneuronal neoplasm in the 2016 WHO classification of tumors of the central nervous system.[1] [2] Initially, it was described as dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor of cerebellum.[3] RGNTs more often occur in young adults with mean age of 23.5 years with a female predominance.[1] [4] Patient presents clinically with headache, which is the most common symptom and clinical manifestations of raised intracranial pressure or ataxia, depending on the location of the tumor. The primary treatment modality is surgery and gross total resection is almost curative.[4] [5]

A 55-year-old male presented in our hospital with complaints of headache for the last 6 months. Magnetic resonance evaluation study revealed a solid cystic lesion with hyperintense cystic component and intermediate-hypointense solid component on T2 axial images with no evidence of perilesional edema, centered in posterior fossa, involving midline vermis without any significant mass effect on cerebellar structures. The lesion showed few foci of blooming on gradient sequences that appeared as bright foci on corresponding phase sequences, likely suggestive of calcification. On post-contrast sequences, the solid component in lesion showed enhancing nodular component.

Sagittal post-contrast sequences showed mild mass effect on the fourth ventricle with concomitant expansion and upstream dilatation of bilateral lateral and third ventricles suggestive of early onset hydrocephalus ([Fig. 1]).

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Fig. 1 (A) Axial T2-weighted and (B) fluid-attenuated inversion recovery image shows heterogeneous solid-cystic mass centered in midline involving vermis in posterior fossa, with no perilesional edema. (C and D) Axial gradient sequences show foci of blooming that appears as bright foci on corresponding phase sequences, suggestive of calcification.

Surgical intervention in the form of gross total resection was planned and the patient underwent suboccipital craniotomy with tumor decompression and external ventricular drain placement.

Intraoperative findings showed a solid cystic tumor, whitish in appearance arising from the fourth ventricle. Microscopically, the tumor was moderately cellular and had a biphasic neurocystic and glial architecture. The neurocystic component had ring-shaped neurocystic rosettes around eosinophilic neuropil cores. The neurocystic tumor cells had spherical nuclei with abundant cytoplasm in myxoid background. The glial component showed spindle to stellate shaped nuclei with dense chromatin in a fibrillary background and focal occurrence of Rosenthal fibers with hemosiderin deposits. No necrosis or calcification was seen. On immunohistochemistry (IHC), synaptophysin strongly highlighted center of rosettes. S-100 was positive in tumor cells. Glial fibrillary acidic protein was positive in glial component. Ki-67 index was 1% ([Fig. 2]). Diagnosis of RGNT (WHO grade I) was proposed based on these characteristic pathological features.

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Fig. 2 (A) HPE: Hematoxylin and eosin (H & E), Rosettes are having ring-shaped array of neurocytic nuclei around delicate eosinophilic neuropil cores. Original magnification x100. (B) HPE: (H & E) Spindle-shaped astrocytic cells in myxoid background. Original magnification x100. (C) Immunohistochemistry: Synaptophysin positivity in center of rosettes. Original magnification x100. (D) Immunohistochemistry: Glial fibrillary acidic protein positivity in glial component and negative in neurocytic component. Original magnification x100.


Publication History

Article published online:
20 September 2021

© 2021. Indian Society of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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