Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2021; 34(06): 419-426
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1735552
Clinical Communication

Repair of Fractures of the Lateral Aspect of the Humeral Condyle in Skeletally Mature Dogs with Locking and Non-Locking Plates

1  Anderson Moores Veterinary Specialists, Winchester, United Kingdom
,
Vincent Guerin
2  Davies Veterinary Specialists, Higham Gobion, United Kingdom
,
James Grierson
1  Anderson Moores Veterinary Specialists, Winchester, United Kingdom
,
1  Anderson Moores Veterinary Specialists, Winchester, United Kingdom
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Objective The aim of this study was to report the functional outcome and complications following transcondylar screw and epicondylar plate fixation of skeletally mature dogs with fractures of the lateral aspect of the humeral condyle using a string of pearls, limited contact dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP) or locking compression plate (LCP).

Study Design This study was a retrospective review of clinical records, radiographic images and canine brief pain inventory evaluation with a supplementary non-validated questionnaire.

Results Thirty-one fractures in 29 dogs were included. The majority of dogs were Spaniels (23/29). Thirty fractures had evidence of humeral intracondylar fissure. Sixteen fractures had string of pearls, eight LCP and seven LC-DCP. There were two minor complications and three major complications. Perioperative (median: 6 weeks, range: 6–12) outcome was considered fully functional for 24 fractures and acceptable for 6 fractures. One dog had an unacceptable outcome due to the failure of an LCP that healed following revision surgery. Fractures with radiographic follow-up had a persistent visible intracondylar fracture line in 20/26. Twenty-six of twenty-seven owners perceived an excellent outcome (median: 135 weeks, range: 25–246).

Conclusion Repair of fractures of the lateral aspect of the humeral condyle with a transcondylar screw and epicondylar plate has a good perioperative, mid- and long-term outcome with 10% major complication rate, despite incomplete or non-union of the intracondylar fracture in 20/26 elbows.

Note

Preliminary data from this study was presented as an abstract at the 2020 autumn meeting of the British Veterinary Orthopaedic Association.


Authors' Contributions

M.K.E. contributed to conception of study, study design acquisition of data, data analysis and interpretation. V.G. contributed to conception of study, study design and data analysis and interpretation. A.P.M. and J.M. contributed to data analysis and interpretation. All authors drafted, revised and approved the submitted manuscript.


Supplementary Material



Publication History

Received: 10 December 2020

Accepted: 23 July 2021

Publication Date:
27 September 2021 (online)

© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany