CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · International Journal of Recent Surgical and Medical Sciences
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1734209
Original Article

Is Robotic TKA Having Added Advantage over Conventional TKA? A Comparative Study of Functional and Radiological Outcome of Robotic versus Conventional Total Knee Arthroplasty

1  Department of Orthopaedics, B.J. Medical College, Civil Hospital, Asarwa, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
,
Ashwini S. Patel
1  Department of Orthopaedics, B.J. Medical College, Civil Hospital, Asarwa, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Objective Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is most commonly performed procedure in patients who are not showing improvement in pain, activities of daily living, and quality of life by conservative modalities. Precise component implantation and soft tissue management is required to achieve desired outcome following TKA. 1.3% patients remain disappointed due to persistent pain, 24% due to instability, and 2.5% due to malalignment following TKA. Robotic TKA is associated with the use of customized implants and bone cuts leading to precise component implantation and reduced deviation from mechanical axis in coronal, transverse, and sagittal plane and proper soft tissue management. This study compares conventional against robotic TKA in terms of clinical, functional, and radiological outcome.

Materials and Methods  This is a prospective randomized control trial carried over period of 3 years where patients were selected on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria and were randomly divided into both groups and compared using their pre- and postoperative radiological and functional outcomes as well as intraoperative and postoperative complications and statistical significance of difference was calculated.

Results There was no significant difference in terms of ROM, KOOS (Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score), (Knee Society Score) KSS, Eq. 5D, (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index) WOMAC, and (visual analog scale) VAS scores while we found significant difference in mechanical axis deviation, femoral and tibial implant alignment in both planes.

Discussion Advantages of using robotic TKA are customized preoperative planning, implants, cuts, accuracy of the intraoperative procedure, and radiological superiority with no significant differences in clinical and functional outcomes. In fact, robotic TKA is associated with steep learning curve, increased cost, and operative time. Still there are no added complications caused by it.



Publication History

Publication Date:
16 August 2021 (online)

© 2021. Medical and Surgical Update Society. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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