Effect of Incorporation of Different Concentrations of Silver Nanoparticles as an Antimicrobial Agent on the Flexural and Impact Strength of Heat-Cured Denture Base Resin
Aim This article evaluates the effect of incorporating different concentrations of silver nanoparticles as an antimicrobial agent on the flexural and impact strength of heat-cured denture base resin.
Material and Methods A total of 80 specimens of polymethyl methacrylate resin were fabricated (40 for flexural strength and 40 for impact strength). Specimens were fabricated using stainless steel die of dimension 65 mm × 10 mm × 2.5 mm as per the American Dental Association specification no. 12, and 50 mm × 6 mm × 4 mm as per ISO 1567:1999 for flexural strength and impact strength, respectively, and were divided into four groups (A, B, C, and D) based on the concentrations of silver nanoparticles (0%, 2.5%, 5%, and 10%). The specimens were subjected to three-point bending test and Izod impact tester for testing flexural and impact strength, respectively. Data obtained was compiled and analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and post hoc tests.
Results Results showed that for both the properties, maximum strength was observed in group A (control) followed by groups B and C, and minimum was observed in group D. A statistically significant difference in flexural strength was found among all the groups, whereas no statistically significant difference in impact strength was found among any of the groups.
Conclusion Within the limitations of this in vitro study, it was concluded that though incorporation of silver nanoparticles exhibited no effect on the impact strength of heat cure denture base resin, it decreased the flexural strength, so it should be used cautiously.
29. Juli 2021 (online)
© 2021. Bhojia Dental College and Hospital affiliated to Himachal Pradesh University. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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