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Influence of Sociodemographic Factors and Behavioral Habits on Periodontal Disease Status
Aim The aim of this study is to asses the influence of sociodemographic factors and behavioral habits on the periodontal disease status of the population in a selected region.
Methodology Data were collected using a self-structured questionnaire and clinical examination. Various sociodemographic variables such as gender, age, and socioeconomic status and behavioral habits, such as tobacco usage and oral hygiene practices, were factored into the questionnaire. Factors determining the socioeconomic status were education, work profile, and salary. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 21, IBM Corp, 2015 Virginia, United States).
Results The total prevalence of periodontal disease was 94.6%, out of which 90% had gingivitis and 4.6% had periodontitis. Only 5.4% of the population was healthy. In the present study, sociodemographic factors such as socioeconomic status, age, and gender were found to have a positive correlation with the periodontal disease status.
Conclusion Since the treatment of periodontal disease is not simple and is expensive, it needs early intervention for its prevention.
27 August 2021 (online)
© 2021. Bhojia Dental College and Hospital affiliated to Himachal Pradesh University. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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