CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol 2021; 42(02): 182-189
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1732825
How I Treat

How I Treat Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Tapan K. Saikia
1   Department of Medical Oncology, Prince Aly Khan Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India Medical ,Oncology Prince Aly Khan Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India .
› Author Affiliations


In the mind of a reader, the first query would be, do I need to read another review article written by an Indian physician when I get to read everything on the multiple platforms on the internet? Such reaction is a valid one, given the avalanche of information and limited time available to read. Nevertheless, on request of the editorial board I accepted the challenge, and have included some relevant Indian publications.

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disorder and a very challenging pathology, though not fully unraveled yet.[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] While nonrandom cytogenetic and molecular abnormalities have provided opportunity for a better classification, we still have a sizeable number of cases in whom the pathology is poorly understood, and they continue to receive old chemotherapy regimens and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) whenever possible. Additionally, incidence of Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) associated AML and therapy-related AML is not insignificant; a subset of patient pausing maximum challenge.[6] [7] [8]

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) can now be treated very effectively with nonchemotherapy-based regimens and a small subset deriving added benefit from inclusion of chemotherapy drugs like daunorubicin, idarubicin, and antibody drug conjugate gemtuzumab ozogamycin (GO).[9] [10] [11] [12] I will not discuss about APL in this review, as it needs a dedicated article.

Publication History

Article published online:
06 August 2021

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