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Giant Ovarian Serous Cystadenoma in an Infant: Report of a Rare Case
The incidence of abdominal cysts in infants is 1 in 500 to 1 in 1,000 live births. Among the ovarian cysts in infants, serous cystadenoma is extremely rare with only few reported cases in the literature. Here, we report a case of a giant neonatal ovarian serous cystadenoma treated with laparoscopic cystectomy and confirmed by histopathological examination.
A 27-year-old delivered a female baby with uneventful caesarean section at full term. The antenatal ultrasonography (USG) in third trimester had showed an abdominal cyst in the left side of the abdomen. Postnatal USG was suggestive of omental cyst. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of the neonate showed a large cyst occupying the entire abdomen. On laparoscopic evaluation, a cystic mass filled with 500 mL of clear yellow fluid was seen in the left pelvic fossa. Left ovary could not be visualized separately. The right ovary, fallopian tubes, and uterus were normal. The entire cyst was removed and sent for histopathological examination. On gross examination, a unilocular cyst measuring 10×8×6.5 cm with a wall thickness of 0.2 cm was noted. On microscopic examination, the histomorphological features were consistent with serous cystadenoma of the ovary. There is a paucity of literature regarding pathological diagnosis of such cases and hence we report one such case.
Article published online:
14 July 2021
© 2021. The Indian Association of Laboratory Physicians. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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