CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · International Journal of Recent Surgical and Medical Sciences
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1731113
Review Article

The Shoulder Instability: An Overview

1  Department of Orthopedics, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
,
Arun Prakas
1  Department of Orthopedics, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
,
Subramanian Vaidyanathan
2  Department of Orthopedics, Government Medical College, Thrissur, Kerala, India
,
1  Department of Orthopedics, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
,
Mohammed Komalam Ayyub
1  Department of Orthopedics, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Instability of the shoulder joint is common but most of the time it is unrecognized by the treating surgeon. The symptoms can vary from subtle pain to shoulder dislocation. In many cases, there is no history of trauma. The shoulder joint is stabilized by both static and dynamic factors, and treatment is complex, with recurrence more common in young athletic individuals. Open and arthroscopic techniques of stabilization are available with specific indications for each of these methods. In this narrative review of shoulder instability, we describe the pathological anatomy, evaluation, natural history, classification, and treatment of shoulder instability.



Publication History

Publication Date:
07 June 2021 (online)

© 2021. Medical and Surgical Update Society. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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