CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · The Arab Journal of Interventional Radiology 2018; 02(03): S22
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1730704

Pictorial Review of Biliary and Enteric Stents: What a Radiologist Needs to Know

Pavan Najran
The Christie Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK
Jon Bell
The Christie Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK
› Author Affiliations

Background: Enteric and biliary stents are important to recognize, however, these are commonly ignored and considered nonpathological in diagnostic imaging. Careful examination of the device is required to recognise common complications. Inexperience in the imaging appearances of such stents contributes to misinterpretation Methods: A pictorial review of biliary and enteric stents demonstrating how careful examination of such devices is essential to recognize and manage common complications. Results: We present a comprehensive pictorial review of metallic, biodegradable stents in a wide range of modalities. We discuss Imaging appearances of common complications of such stents including occlusion, migration, and fracture. Conclusion: A sound knowledge of the imaging appearances of enteric and biliary stents is essential to recognize common complications such as stent fracture and occlusion. Diagnostic radiologist needs to be aware of imaging appearance of a wide variety of stents in various modalities to facilitate prompt management when complications arise.

Publication History

Article published online:
11 May 2021

© 2018. The Arab Journal of Interventional Radiology. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (

Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
A-12, 2nd Floor, Sector 2, Noida-201301 UP, India