CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · International Journal of Recent Surgical and Medical Sciences
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1730256
Case Report

Two Rare Syndromic Syndactyly Cases in Neonates

Pooja Prabhakar Kamath
1  Department of Pediatrics, V. N. Desai Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Introduction Isolated findings of syndactyly are benign. However, syndactyly can be associated with rare syndromes that need to be diagnosed for further management and for genetic counseling.

Methods We present two cases of syndromic syndactyly in neonates. The first case is a 13-day-old female neonate with dysmorphic features. The neonate had clinical features of prominent forehead, hypertelorism, widely separated sagittal and metopic sutures, down-slanting eyes, low set ears, depressed nasal bridge, micrognathia, cleft palate, pectus excavatum, brachydactyly, and syndactyly of the second to fourth fingers bilaterally in upper limbs and in lower limbs.

The second case is a 10-day-old male neonate with dysmorphism in the form of cleft alveolar ridge and palate, hyperplastic frenula, hypoplastic alar cartilage, syndactyly of the left hand, clinodactyly of the left lower limb toes, and amniotic bands.

Discussion Case 1 was diagnosed as otopalatodigital syndrome because of the characteristic clinical features. This is a rare syndrome associated with syndactyly that often goes undiagnosed. Otopalatodigital syndrome spectrum disorders comprise of four phenotypically related conditions: otopalatodigital syndrome types 1 and 2, frontometaphyseal dysplasia, and Melnick–Needles syndrome. As it is associated with x-linked inheritance, its severity is more in males.

Case 2 was diagnosed to have orofaciodigital syndrome because of the characteristic clinical features. It is another rare syndrome associated with syndactyly having abnormalities in the development of the oral cavity, face, and digits along with intellectual disability and renal system impairment.

Conclusion There are fewer publications on these syndromes as they are rare and diagnosis is difficult. Recognizing these syndromes is key to further management and for genetic counseling.



Publication History

Publication Date:
29 May 2021 (online)

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