CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Ann Natl Acad Med Sci
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1729780
Review Article

Current Trends in Prevalence and Role of Long Noncoding RNA and Gene Fusion in Prostate Cancer: An Overview

Arun Sinha
1  Department of Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
,
Praveen Sharma
1  Department of Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
,
Kamla Kant Shukla
1  Department of Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
,
Prasenjit Mitra
1  Department of Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
,
Sanjeev Misra
2  Department of Surgical Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Objectives The aim of this study is to analyze the current scenario in the diagnostic modalities for prostate cancer.

Materials and Methods We searched PubMed, Google Scholar, and ResearchGate for relevant data. Articles published in the last 10 years were taken into consideration. The role of long noncoding RNA and gene fusion products in the context of prostate cancer was reviewed, which included their roles in diagnosis, prognosis, and assessment of response to therapy.

Results Several long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) have been isolated and have been shown to be useful in diagnosing and prognosticating prostate cancer. We have also looked into the role of TMPRSS2:ERG gene fusion in prostate carcinoma diagnosis. These molecular parameters have been looked into due to the fact that the current parameters in use such as prostate-specific antigen have several drawbacks that limit their potential.



Publication History

Publication Date:
27 May 2021 (online)

© 2021. National Academy of Medical Sciences (India). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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