CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian J Radiol Imaging 2021; 31(01): 185-192
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1729766
Pictorial Essay

Demystifying Sacral Masses: A Pictorial Review

Julie Senne
1  Department of Radiology, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, United States
,
Van Nguyen
2  Department of Pathology, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, United States
,
Derek Staner
1  Department of Radiology, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, United States
,
James D. Stensby
1  Department of Radiology, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, United States
,
Ambarish P. Bhat
1  Department of Radiology, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, United States
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

The sacrum is a triangular shaped bone made up of five fused vertebral bodies. It is composed of bone, cartilage, marrow elements as well as notochord remnants and is a common site for both benign and malignant (primary and secondary) tumors. Familiarity with the imaging features and clinical presentations of sacral bone tumors could be helpful in narrowing the differential diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography are the preferred imaging modalities for evaluating sacral masses. This pictorial review will highlight imaging features of common sacral tumors with pathologic correlation. Additionally, this article will review some critical principles and helpful tips to successfully biopsy these lesions.



Publication History

Publication Date:
23 May 2021 (online)

© 2021. Indian Radiological Association. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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