CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · J Neurosci Rural Pract 2021; 12(03): 483-489
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1727576
Original Article

Stress, Burnout, and Coping among First-Year Medical Undergraduates

Naresh Nebhinani
1  Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2  Black Country Healthcare Foundation NHS Trust, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom
Mamta› Author Affiliations
Funding None.


Background and Objectives Stress, burnout, and coping have been found to be interlinked with each other. Several adverse psychological outcomes have been associated with stress and burnout. Improving coping can decrease the stress and burnout. There is limited literature on perceived stress, coping, and burnout among first-year medical undergraduates from India. With this background, the study aimed to assess perceived stress, coping, and burnout among first-year medical undergraduates.

Methods It was a cross-sectional study assessing 100 undergraduates studying in the first year of medical school. Medical Students Stressor Questionnaire, Brief COPE questionnaire, and Maslach burnout inventory–student survey were applied for assessment of perceived stress, burnout, and coping, respectively. Socio-demographic profile was assessed by a semi-structured proforma.

Results Majority of students reported facing moderate level of stress in most of the domains, with stress being the highest for the academic aspects and least for social-related and drive- and desire-related areas. The stress was significantly greater in female students. Burnout was identified in 62% students by two-dimensional criteria and 30% by three-dimensional criteria. Among the coping strategies, active coping was most commonly used and substance use was less commonly used. No differences were found in coping between males and females except for active coping, which was significantly better in females.

Conclusion The stress was of moderate degree in majority of students and academic stress was the most common stress. Burnout was present in at least one-third of the students. However, majority of the students practiced active coping.

Publication History

Publication Date:
10 May 2021 (online)

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