Semin Neurol
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1726283
Review Article

Delirium in Cardiac and Cardiovascular Surgical Intensive Care Units

Hannah Breit
1  Section of Neurocritical Care, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois
,
Thomas P. Bleck
2  Department of Neurology, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois
,
Lauren Koffman
1  Section of Neurocritical Care, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois
› Author Affiliations
Funding No financial support was received for this article.

Abstract

Delirium is a common occurrence in cardiac and cardiovascular surgical intensive care units. Due to multiple confounding factors, this diagnosis remains challenging for medical professionals. Multiple theories exist regarding the pathophysiology of delirium, which include disruption of neurotransmitters as well as inflammation. Delirium has been associated with prolonged hospitalizations and an increase in mortality. Although there are widely used screening tools for delirium, none have been validated in this particular patient population. Limited treatments exist for delirium, so: both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic preventative measures should be employed in this patient population.



Publication History

Publication Date:
13 April 2021 (online)

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