CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Dental Journal of Advance Studies 2021; 9(01): 14-21
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1725218
Review Article

Enlightening Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Dental Fluorosis—A Hidden Entity in a Crowd

Deepika Patidar
1  Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dental Science and Hospital, Rau Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
,
Suma Sogi
2  Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Maharishi Markandeshwar College of Dental Sciences and Research, Ambala, Haryana, India
,
Dinesh Chand Patidar
3  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dental Science and Hospital, Rau Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
,
Atul Sharma
4  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Maharishi Markandeshwar College of Dental Sciences and Research, Ambala, Haryana, India
,
Mansi Jain
2  Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Maharishi Markandeshwar College of Dental Sciences and Research, Ambala, Haryana, India
,
Priyanka Prasad
5  Oral and Maxillofacial Radiologist, Ahmedabad, India
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Aim To provide diagnosis as well as differential diagnosis of dental fluorosis.

Background Dental fluorosis is a developmental defect of enamel, due to consecutive exposures of tooth during the formative stage of development to the higher concentration of fluoride, resulting in enamel with lesser mineral content and enhanced porosity. Several epidemiological indices have been utilized for diagnosis and assessment of dental fluorosis on the basis of clinical appearance. Fluorosis of the deciduous teeth occurs less commonly and is milder than that of permanent teeth.

Highlights The diagnostic difficulties are usually associated between fluorotic and nonfluoride opacities. A complete history of the clinical condition, teeth affected with specific areas, pattern of lesion, color and its method of detection are the few important diagnostic criteria for differentiating dental fluorosis from nonfluoride discolorations of the teeth.

Conclusion This review article has enlightened the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of dental fluorosis among various nonfluoride tooth discolorations. A correct diagnosis results in an appropriate and early management of dental fluorosis and plays an important role in oral epidemiology and public health.



Publication History

Publication Date:
18 March 2021 (online)

© 2021. Bhojia Dental College and Hospital affiliated to Himachal Pradesh University. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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