Semin Neurol 2021; 41(03): 256-268
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1725124
Review Article

Vascular Spinal Cord Disorders

1  Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida
Nicholas L. Zalewski
2  Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona
› Author Affiliations


Vascular disorders of the spinal cord are uncommon yet under-recognized causes of myelopathy. Etiologies can be predominantly categorized into clinical and radiographic presentations of arterial ischemia, venous congestion/ischemia, hematomyelia, and extraparenchymal hemorrhage. While vascular myelopathies often produce significant morbidity, recent advances in the understanding and recognition of these disorders should continue to expedite diagnosis and proper management, and ideally improve patient outcomes. This article comprehensively reviews relevant spinal cord vascular anatomy, clinical features, radiographic findings, treatment, and prognosis of vascular disorders of the spinal cord.

Publication History

Publication Date:
19 May 2021 (online)

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