CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Coloproctology 2021; 41(01): 001-007
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1725048
Original Article

Epidemiological Profile of Patients with Colorectal Cancer from a Hospital in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Perfil epidemiológico de pacientes com câncer colorretal de um Hospital no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
1   Faculdade Meridional – IMED, Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil
,
2   Faculdade Meridional – IMED, Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil
,
1   Faculdade Meridional – IMED, Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil
,
3   Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Canoas, RS, Brazil
,
4   Faculdade Meridional – IMED, Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Objective The present study describes the epidemiological profile of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) from the Hospital de Clínicas de Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil, between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2016.

Method Retrospective analysis of secondary data of 1,001 patients from the Hospital Cancer Registry.

Results Most subjects were Caucasian males, with a mean age of 63.68 years old. The majority of patients had incomplete elementary education and were married. In addition, 44.5% of the patients had a family history of cancer. Most subjects with a positive past or current history of alcohol intake or smoking were male. The diagnosis was mostly based on anatomopathological findings, with a predominance of adenocarcinomas and upper rectum and distal colon localization. Most lesions were in advanced stages, and the liver was the most common site for metastasis. The predominant treatment was surgery with neoadjuvant/adjuvant therapy. After the first treatment, 49.0% of the patients reported complete remission. The survival rate was 78.8% in 10 months.

Conclusion The present research analyzed the profile of CRC patients.

Resumo

Objetivo Descrever o perfil de pacientes com câncer colorretal (CCR) no Hospital de Clínicas de Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, RS, Brasil, de 01 de janeiro de 2007 a 31 de dezembro de 2016.

Método Análise retrospectiva de dados secundários de 1.001 pacientes obtidos através do Registro Hospitalar de Câncer.

Resultados Evidenciou-se predomínio do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 63,68 anos, majoritariamente caucasianos. O grau escolar prevalente foi fundamental incompleto e o estado civil foi casado. Um total de 44,5% dos pacientes tinha histórico familiar de neoplasia. Em relação ao consumo de álcool/cigarro, dentre os que faziam ou já fizeram uso, a maioria era homem. O diagnóstico foi majoritariamente por meio anatomopatológico, com predomínio de adenocarcinoma e localização no reto superior e no cólon distal, ocorrendo mais comumente em estágios avançados, com a metástase hepática sendo a mais presente. O tratamento predominante foi cirurgia com adjuvância/neoadjuvância. Após o primeiro tratamento, 49,0% dos pacientes apresentaram remissão completa. A sobrevida foi de 78,8% em 10 meses.

Conclusão A presente pesquisa possibilitou a análise do perfil dos pacientes com CCR.



Publication History

Received: 23 June 2020

Accepted: 08 August 2020

Publication Date:
19 March 2021 (online)

© 2021. Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commecial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

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