CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian Journal of Neurosurgery 2023; 12(01): 015-021
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1724464
Original Article

The Outcomes of Radiosurgery for Arteriovenous Malformations—Experience of a Tertiary Cancer Center from India

1   Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Sumit Basu
1   Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Bhooshan Zade
1   Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Vikram Maiya
1   Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Rahul Sharma
1   Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Ashok Bhanage
1   Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Sathiyanarayanan Vatyam
1   Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune, Maharashtra, India
› Author Affiliations


Objectives This article assesses the treatment outcomes in the patients diagnosed with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated with stereotactic radiosurgery.

Materials and Methods We retrospectively analyzed 30 patients diagnosed with AVM treated between 2010 and 2018.The median age at presentation was 30 years (range: 14–60 years). The median planning target volume (PTV) was 6.8 mL (range: 0.9–54 mL). The median dose prescribed was 18 Gy (range: 16–24 Gy). Modified radiosurgery-based AVM grading score was calculated for all the patients.

Results The median follow-up of the entire cohort was 60 months (range: 24–96 months). The obliteration rates for patients followed up for 3 and 5 years were 75 and 86.1%, respectively. Age (< 35 years; p = 0.007) and PTV (< 7 mL; p = 0.04), had better obliteration rates. Three patients had hemorrhage, from the AVM after irradiation. None of them were fatal.

Conclusion Stereotactic radiosurgery is a preferred noninvasive treatment modality with acceptable morbidity.

Publication History

Article published online:
19 April 2021

© 2021. Neurological Surgeons' Society of India. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (

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