Aortic Aneurysm and Dissection in Pregnancy: Report of a Rare Case in a Marfan with Bicuspid Aortic ValveFunding The authors declare that not founding sources were utilized.
Background Type A aortic dissection is an emergency with high morbidity and mortality when surgery is not performed. Few cases are described in the literature about aortic dissection during pregnancy. A correlation between pregnancy and aortic dissection is mainly reported in patients with family history and connective tissue disorders, such as Marfan’s syndrome (MS), Loeys–Dietz’s syndrome, and Ehlers–Danlos’s syndromes, and patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV); exceptional cases are also described in patients without risk factors.
Case presentation A 22-year-old young woman with MS, ascending aorta dilation, and BAV became pregnant. During labor, she experienced a short-term chest pain with spontaneous resolution. The electrocardiogram (ECG) and cardiac biomarkers were negative for acute coronary artery disease, but no transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) was performed. A caesarean section was performed without complications. After 1 month, a routine TTE showed a chronic ascending aortic dissection involving the aortic arch and supra-aortic vessels. Due to a normally functioning aortic valve, the David operation was performed (sparing aortic valve) with the replacement of the aortic arch and supra-aortic vessels.
Conclusions Aortic dissection is a rare cardiovascular complication that can occur during pregnancy and is associated with very high-risk mortality. We have reported a rare case of undiagnosed type A aortic dissection involving the aortic arch during unplanned pregnancy in patients with BAV and MS, subsequently treated with the David surgery and replacement of ascending aortic arch and supra-aortic vessels. A closer clinical and instrumental follow-up is necessary in this particular group of patients at risk. Awareness of all physicians involved is mandatory.
31 December 2020 (online)
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