J Neurol Surg B Skull Base 2021; 82(01): 149-153
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1722701
Surgical Approaches to the Orbit
Review Article

Surgical Approaches to the Orbit: Transpalpebral

Nikisha Q. Richards
1  Department of Ophthalmology, Virginia Commonwealth University Health System, Richmond, Virginia, United States
› Author Affiliations


The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the safe and effective incisional transpalpebral approaches to the orbit. The location of each approach and pertinent anatomy in each respective area, suggested approach techniques, recommended specialties, reconstruction options, intraoperative neurophysiology, complications, and approach limitations are discussed in detail.

Publication History

Publication Date:
02 February 2021 (online)

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