J Neurol Surg B Skull Base 2021; 82(01): 154-160
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1722631
Putting the Pieces Back Together
Review Article

Putting the Pieces Back Together: Optimizing Function and Appearance after Orbital Surgery

Kimberly Cockerham
1  Stanford Department of Ophthalmology, Byers Eye Institute, Palo Alto, California, United States
Jacquelyn Laplant
2  Department of Ophthalmology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
› Author Affiliations


Objectives To describe medical and surgical options and techniques for functional and aesthetic abnormalities after orbital surgery and multidisciplinary approaches that include the orbit.

Design A review of current management options in outpatient clinics and ambulatory surgery centers with selected illustrative cases. The rationale for choosing specific medical and surgical interventions will be discussed with a focus on eyelid malposition and double vision.

Setting Outpatient clinics and ambulatory surgery centers.

Participants Patients with eyelid, orbital, eye muscle, and scalp contour abnormalities as a result of medical and surgical interventions for brain and/or orbital tumors.

Main Outcome Measures Descriptive outcomes.

Results A variety of medical and surgical options are available to optimize eyelid, orbit, extraocular muscle, and scalp structure and function.

Publication History

Publication Date:
22 February 2021 (online)

© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany