Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2021; 25(01): 094-104
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1722566
Review Article

Metabolic Bone Diseases in the Pediatric Population

1  Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Foggia University School of Medicine, Foggia, Italy
,
Laura Eusebi
2  Radiology Unit, “Carlo Urbani” Hospital, Jesi, Italy
,
Umberto Tupputi
1  Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Foggia University School of Medicine, Foggia, Italy
,
Francesca Anna Carpagnano
1  Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Foggia University School of Medicine, Foggia, Italy
,
Francesco Bartelli
2  Radiology Unit, “Carlo Urbani” Hospital, Jesi, Italy
,
1  Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Foggia University School of Medicine, Foggia, Italy
3  Radiology Unit, Barletta University Campus UNIFG, “Dimiccoli” Hospital, Barletta, Italy
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Bone plays an important role in regulating mineral balance in response to physiologic needs. In addition, bone is subject to a continuous remodeling process to maintain healthy bone mass and growth. Metabolic bone diseases are a heterogeneous group of diseases caused by abnormalities of bone mass, mineral structure homeostasis, bone turnover, or bone growth. In pediatrics, several significant advances have been made in recent years in the diagnosis of metabolic bone diseases (e.g., osteogenesis imperfecta, hyperparathyroidism, rickets, renal osteodystrophy, pediatric osteoporosis, and osteopetrosis). Imaging is fundamental in the diagnosis of these pathologies.



Publication History

Publication Date:
21 May 2021 (online)

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