Risk Factors in Young Female Patient with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome presenting with Acute Myocardial Infarction
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is known to cause weight gain, nonspecific inflammation, dyslipidemia, and coronary artery disease (CAD).
Oral contraceptives (OCs) also cause venous and arterial thromboembolism, cerebrovascular accidents (CVA), and acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Myocardial infarction (MI) is comparatively less common in patients taking newer generation OCs, particularly if risk factors for CAD are absent, but the risk for venous thromboembolism is still high.
Therefore, OCs should be considered in properly selected patients after weighing risks and benefits.
31 December 2020 (online)
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